Obesity and Periodontal Disease
Since I finished the dental school I started to gain weight, so a few months ago I decided to go to the gym again and do a diet treatment that really works. Since then 13 kilograms of me are gone and the differences are notorious. I am looking great, run more, sleep better, snore less and a happier wife.
My friends are glad with my achievement and I use it to advice my patients to do the same and remind them that healthier lifestyle can improve their oral health. Sugar intake can increase your caries risk and can lead to obesity and other weight-related illness.
Getting fat, getting sick
In the last 3 decades more and more people are getting fat, according to the Center disease Control (CDC), 67% of Americans are overweight and 34% are obese. As a health professional and a father, this statistic are a concern for me, not only because fast food and candies make you fat, but because children learn unhealthy habits from their parents and those habits can harm them – obesity statistics.
Now, it is not a secret that obesity is associated with many medical problems, such as diabetes, heart disease, sleep apnea, elevated cholesterol, hypertension, arthritis, gastric reflux, infertility, gout and some types of cancer. But in recent years, there has been research supporting a link between obesity and periodontal diseases.
What is periodontal disease?
There are many periodontal diseases, but the more common ones are plaque-induced inflammatory conditions, gingivitis and periodontitis. Both are related with local bacterial infection. The signs and symptoms such easily bleeding gums, red and swollen tender gums, bad breath, bad taste in mouth and loose teeth are a consequence of chronic inflammation and persistent bone loss.
Obesity and oral health
Traditionally, periodontal disease was considered that just bacteria cause it, but now more studies point out inflammation as the more important factor in the progression of the disease.
Here is where obesity comes to the scene as a hot key factor in periodontal disease. Some studies showed that overweight individuals had double the incidence of periodontitis while obese individuals had triple the incidence.
Moreover, an improved response to periodontal therapy is observed in obese patients who had significant weight loss after bariatric surgery or gastric bypass compared with obese patients who did not have such a surgery. –obesity and periodontal disease.
Fat cells are known to produce many chemical signal and hormones. Some of these substances are thought to increase overall inflammation in the body. This may lead to decreased status, which increases susceptibly to periodontal disease. The inflammation may also decrease blood flow to the gums and cause disease progression. – obesity and periodontal 2.
So, the next time you go to the dentist, don’t be surprise listen your dentist say: don´t forget brush, floss your teeth and do some exercise, your gums will thank you.